venerdì 14 marzo 2014

Una barca del VII millennio a.C.. Dipinta su un sasso.

Proviene da stratigrafia indisturbata, un villaggio del Sudan sulle rive del Nilo (Nilo Bianco). Risale alla prima parte del VII millennio a.C. (1). "The discovery of a boat representation on a pebble dating to the early seventh millennium BC, according to the associated pottery and the contextual radiometric determinations, is worth some comment. This chronological attribution may re-open the discussion about the dating of some rock engravings found along the Nile and generically attributed to a period before or around 4000 BC*, and on the use of developed boat types for navigation and fishing along the Nile. This discovery anticipates the accepted beginning of navigation along the Nile by about 3000 years. Moreover, it provides a strong confirmation of the hypothesis for the Mesolithic use of boats advanced by W. Van Neer (1989: 54; 1994: 20-1) and Peters (1991: 38-9; 1993: 417), on the basis of the study of the ichthyo-faunal remains from Mesolithic sites in Central Sudan and the lower Atbara . Peters, indeed, is explicit in suggesting the use of boats in fishing for the large adult specimens of Synodontis, Bagrus and Lates, all 'open waters species', well represented in the faunal samples of Mesolithic sites of the area, while ruling out the possibility of their having been caught in seasonal flood pools. The painted pebble from 16-D-5 site offers, at the moment, the oldest evidence for Nile boats possibly used in fishing activities in open waters and, considering the well developed type of vessel portrayed, also for more extensive navigation purposes along the river."
Interpretazione dei segni sul sasso
*Si rimanda, su questo argomento al riferimento 2. 
(1) Salvatori, S., & Usai, D. (2007). The oldest representation of a Nile boat. Antiquity, 81(314).
(2) M. Tzoroddu,, Navi sarde ed egizie. Collegamenti?, 4 GIUGNO 2013