domenica 19 ottobre 2014

Il segno degli eunuchi alla corte dei re Ittiti

I geroglifici anatolici (luvii) cui viene assegnato il significato di "eunuco" Da:  Ilan Peled, Eunuchs in Hatti and Assyria: A Reassessment, In: Time and History in the Ancient Near East: Proceedings of the 56th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale at Barcelona 26-30 July 2010, Eisenbrauns 2013, pp. 785-797. In precedenza al segno L.438 era stato attribuito il significato di "pastore". 

[..] Conclusions
 As was argued on the base of the comparison between the Middle-Assyrian Palace Decrees and Hittite “oaths of the eunuchs,” some resemblances exist between the functions and status of Hittite royal eunuchs and their counterparts of the Middle Assyrian kingdom. It appears that in both kingdoms individual eunuchs could gain a prestigious position and stand above their own class. A new reading proposed here, for a sign previously unidentifed, from a seal impression of the Hittite eunuch Taprammi implies that the office of Chief-Eunuch existed in Hatti. It was suggested that the cases of Taprammi and Pihamuwa were examples of officials functioning as Chief-Eunuchs in one of the highest roles in Hittite administration. Similarly, in the Middle-Assyrian kingdom eunuchs could occasionally rise to prominent roles, as we know of at least two “eunuchs of the king” who held eponyms: Uṣur-namkūr-šarri,and Libūr-zānin-Aššur.
This paper demonstrated that the parallels and similarities between eunuchs officiating in palace bureaucracies in different parts of the ancient Near East were even greater than previously assumed. Da:  Ilan Peled, Eunuchs in Hatti and Assyria: A Reassessment, In: Time and History in the Ancient Near East: Proceedings of the 56th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale at Barcelona 26-30 July 2010, Eisenbrauns 2013, pp. 785-797.