giovedì 4 dicembre 2014

A mani giunte 10000 anni fa

Fig. 1: Immagini e testo da: MÜLLER-NEUHOF B. (2006).- An EPPNB human sculpture from Tell Sheikh Hassan.- Neo-lithics, 2(06), p. 32-38. 

Sin, Urfa: [..] a life-sized anthropomorphic sculpture was found in the 1980s by construction works in the old town. The head was broken off, but it was found and attached to the body. The feet of this statue are missing. The lower part of the body seems to be shaped like a pillar, so there was probably no intention to depict legs[...] the lower arms of the Urfa sculpture are not flexed, hands are depicted, meeting just above the genitals, and a part of the penis and the testicles are visible below these hands. The male sex is therefore clearly represented[..]. Dx, Nevalı Çori: [..] is not a sculpture but a nearly 3m high pillar from the “Gebäude III” in Nevalı Çori dated to the EPPNB (ca.  8.800 – 8.200 a.C., ndr). This pillar bears some depictions in high relief that have anthropomorphic features. On both lateral surfaces of the pillar an angle is worked out, representing flexed arms in an angle of nearly 90°.  [..]Above the hands a “stola”-like feature is visible, represented by two long vertical bands connected in the upper part of the pillar by a V shaped angle that shows some similarities to the V-shaped neck of the Tell Sheikh Hassan  (vd. fig. 2, ndr) and the Urfa sculptures. The lower ends of the two bands are located just above the hands. Due to the delineations on three sides of the  pillar, this representation distinguishes it from the other mentioned sculptures. But strong similarities with the other sculptures become clear if the three surfaces are placed side by side (vd. fig. 3, ndr). It is again the representation of a standing person with flexed arms and hands meeting in front of the body. The stone-workers of the pillar transferred a two-dimensional image on three sides of a block to create a “pseudo” three dimensional sculpture, which resulted that the whole representation of the person with this gesture is not visible from one place. It is evident that the representation on the Nevalı Çori pillar is not only a transfer of this motif on three sides of a block, but also a reduction of this motif to its most essential characteristics. This means that such a motif (standing [male?] person with flexed arms and hands on front of the body) and its meaning were familiar to the original viewer, because he was also familiar with the more natural depictions of these motifs, such as the Göbekli Tepe and Tell Sheikh Hassan (vd. fig. 4, ndr)sculptures[..].Da: MÜLLER-NEUHOF B. (2006).- An EPPNB human sculpture from Tell Sheikh Hassan.- Neo-lithics, 2(06), p. 32-38. 

Fig. 2: Immagini e testo da: MÜLLER-NEUHOF B. (2006).- An EPPNB human sculpture from Tell Sheikh Hassan.- Neo-lithics, 2(06), p. 32-38. 

Fig. 3: Disegno del "pilastro umanizzato" di fig. 1, da: MÜLLER-NEUHOF B. (2006).- An EPPNB human sculpture from Tell Sheikh Hassan.- Neo-lithics, 2(06), p. 32-38. 



Fig. 4: Disegno del "pilastro umanizzato" di fig. 1, da: MÜLLER-NEUHOF B. (2006).- An EPPNB human sculpture from Tell Sheikh Hassan.- Neo-lithics, 2(06), p. 32-38. 

Fig. 5. An anthropomorphic statue with phallus (drawing B. Çelik)., Pre-pottery neolithic. Da: Bahattin Çelik, Karahan Tepe: a new cultural centre in the Urfa area in Turkey, Documenta Praehistorica XXXVIII (2011), pp. 241-253

Fig. 6a. Altri "pilastri umanizzati" (pillar beingsDa: Oliver Dietrich, Göbekli Tepe – A Stone Age ritual center in southeastern Turkey , Actual Archaeology Magazine 05/2012; 2:32-51 

Fig. 6b. Dettagli dalla figura 6a, scolpiti sui "pilastri umanizzati" (pillar beings) Da: Oliver Dietrich, Göbekli Tepe – A Stone Age ritual center in southeastern Turkey , Actual Archaeology Magazine 05/2012; 2:32-51 


Fig. 7. Mappa dei siti di cui si parla nel testo (marcati in rosso), nella Mesopotamia settentrionale. Modifata da: Dorian Q. Fuller, 2007, Contrasting patterns in crop domestication and domestication rates: recent archaeobotanical insights from the Old World., Annals of Botany, 100: 903-924. 

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