Fig. 1: Testa bovina, selce; probabilmente prima parte del periodo Naqada II (3605-3450 a.C.), Egitto. The Trustee of the British Museum, London. Da: Diana Craig Patch,Marianne Eaton-Krauss,Susan J. Allen, Dawn of Egyptian Art, 2011, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
Fig. 2: Amuleti muniti di corna, periodo Naqada II (3605-3450 a.C.), Egitto. a. Hearst Museum of Anthropoloy, Berkely; b. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Da: Diana Craig Patch,Marianne Eaton-Krauss,Susan J. Allen, Dawn of Egyptian Art, 2011, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
Fig. 3. "This circular stone (anhydrite) amulet perhaps represents the stylized head of a bull. The horns are curled downwards and inwards and roughly follow the outline of the object. The eyes are indicated by shallow depressions. The bottom of the amulet, which has a border, perhaps depicts the muzzle of the animal. The object is bored through horizontally on the back. The exact significance of such amulets is unknown but they are frequently found in burials and at settlement sites. Perhaps it is a royal (?) symbol expressing physical strength and/or fertility." Periodo Naqada II (3605-3450 a.C.), Egitto. Da questo sito.
Fig. 4. Amulet in the Form of a Bull's Head. Predynastic Period, Naqada II-Naqada III Period, 3500- 3100 B.C.E. Brooklyn Museum. http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/objects/3361/Amulet_in_the_Form_of_a_Bulls_Head
Amulet in the form of a head of an elephant
HENDRICKX, S., "Bovines in Egyptian Predynastic and Early Dynastic iconography". [in:] HASSAN, F.A. (ed.), Droughts, Food and Culture. Ecological Change and Food Security in Africa’s Later Prehistory. New York: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, 2002: 275-318.