sabato 8 febbraio 2014

L' idolo con la forcella di Beit She'an

Sin., amuleto egizio da Beit She'an (Israele), ca. XIII sec. a.C.; dx, il c.d. idolo di Sardara, dal sito sacrale nuragico di Sant' Anastasia (A. Taramelli, "Il tempio nuragico di S. Anastasia", in Scavi e scoperte:1918-1921, Collana  Sardegna archeologica. Reprints, a cura di A. Moravetti, Carlo Delfino Ed., 1984) 
AMULETS/PENDANTS: By the late thirteenth century, egyptian amulets appear in the richer burials and are commonly found in altar areas in temples. Archaeologists hypothesize that these artifacts were either votive objects offered to the gods and/or decorated statuary of particular deities. Some of the more common types of amulets/pendants include depictions of deities (Ptah Sokar, Bes, Aegis of Bast, Sacred eye of Horus), animals (fish, hippopotamus), flora, hieroglyphs and geometric forms. Most amulets and pendants are faience, although the few locally made examples are gold, bone, shell and metal. Plaque amulets become more common place towards the end of the period and continue into the Iron I period (vd. anche questo sito).

Beit She'an è anche il sito di ritrovamento della famosa stele del dio Mekal (XIV-XIII sec. a.C.) se, in stile egizio ma sicuramente rappresentante una divinità locale. Secondo Holland, il copricapo di Mekal potrebbe rappresentare un elmo Sherden (Henry O. Thompson, Mekal: The God of Beth-Shan, E. J. Brill (1970)

Per saperne di più: Amihai Mazar, The Egyptian Garrison Town at Beth Shean, .  Pp. 155-189 in: S.Bar, D.Kahn and JJ Shirley (editors) Egypt, Canaan and Israel: History, Imperialism, Ideology and Literature: Proceedings of a Conference at the University of Haifa, 3-7 May 2009. Leiden, Brill 2011.